Overview of Issue 25

Article By: 

Dr. Ed Shenk, Editor, is currently an Associate Professor and the Program Director for HSOE ELM program at the San Francisco campus. He joined Alliant International University in July 2005 and started fulltime in January, 2006 after retiring from Napa Valley College where he was the Vice president of Student Services. He served at NVC for 30 years and was in community college administration for 35 years. Ed was an administrator at Napa College beginning in 1975 and became the Chief Student Service Officer on campus in 1981. He served as the Affirmative Action Officer and sat on the District-Faculty negotiations team for 14 years as some of the experiences he had at the college.
He was a highly visible leader within Student Services for many years.  He served on the executive board of CCCCSSAA (California Community College Chief Student Services Administrators Association) for fourteen years and was president of the organization in 1991-92.  He represented the field by serving on many statewide committees and special task forces.  He continues to be an active member in the National Association of Student Personnel Administrator. He served as the faculty-in-residence on the Community and Two Year College task Force for the Division of Community Colleges in NASPA. He is often a presenter at the NASPA National Conference most recently in Chicago in 2010. He was recognized as the Outstanding Dean in NASPA’s Region 6 in 2002.
He continues to serve as the editor of the web based iJournal which focuses on community college issues in California and the nation. You can access the iJournal at www.ijournal.us . He has served as the Editor of the iJournal since January of 2006.  He was also a long time Board member on the California ACT Advisory Council.

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Dr. Ed Shenk, Editor

Who will be our leaders be in the coming years to guide us out of the current budgetary quagmire and provide a vision to improve our educational services for the 21st century?  In this issue, Innovation, Awareness and Professional Development: Getting Leaders Ready for the Post-Recession Period, the authors will attempt to sort these issues out and offer some clear choices for change to meet our challenges.  In addition, , the issue contains observations by Vice Chancellor Patrick Perry from the California Community College Chancellor’s office and the first part of a special two-part series on undocumented students and higher education. The sponsor for this edition is the parent organization for the iJournal, the California Community Colleges Chief Student Services Administrators Association (4C2S2A).


As we experience the coldest summer in Northern California in 40 years, the rest of the US is having one of the warmest summers ever.  The heat and cold do not seem to affect the dramatic changes occurring within our public institutions due to the loss of revenues and ever-growing enrollments.  In the last few issues, the Editorial Board has sought insight from the field on how colleges and their leaders are addressing the revenue shortfall while still meeting the problems of enrollment increases, growing diversification of the student body, the lack of basic skills in the entry-level student, and technology.  Add to this the exit of the baby boomers and an additional problem lurks: Who will be our leaders be in the coming years to guide us out of this budgetary quagmire and provide a vision to improve our educational services for the 21st century?  In this issue,  Innovation, Awareness and Professional Development: Getting Leaders Ready for the Post-Recession Period, the authors will attempt to sort these issues out and offer some clear choices for change to meet our challenges.
The Editorial Board suggested that the summer issue explore efforts to prepare and develop personnel in the community college system, including the roles of mentors and specialized staff development activities.  With the tremendous changes our colleges are undergoing because of budget cuts, the need is even stronger for personnel who fill the few job openings to be creative, to think outside the box, and to be willing to multi-task.  What can we do to prepare candidates for these new post-Great Recession jobs?  As Ranjay Gulati states in his article, “Wanted: a new approach to inventiveness” on page 10 of the July 27, 2010  issue of the Financial Times, ‘The challenge is not just to work harder but to work smarter – to do more with less.”  The current times absolutely demand our future leaders will need to do more with less.
The sponsor for this edition is the parent organization for the iJournal, the California Community Colleges Chief Student Services Administrators Association (4C2S2A). The cuurent President of the Association is Peter White from San Diego City College.
 Leadership and Professional Development
Sabrina Sanders, in Strategies for Succession Planning in the Coming Decade, states that as the number of senior administrators approach retirement, it is imperative that talented, qualified, and highly skilled mid-level professionals be identified, mentored, and developed to fill their positions. To address the challenge of filling this leadership void, the author makes several recommendations designed to advance the concept of succession planning on our campuses.  By following these recommendations, community colleges will be able to prepare the next generation of student service and instructional senior administrators. In Addressing the Future Leadership Needs of Community Colleges, Magdalena H. de la Teja, with contributions from Edward Shenk, Paulette Dalpes, and Denise Swett, identifies the myriad challenges facing current and future leaders in community colleges.  The article proposes that current community college administrators would benefit from an executive leadership program, the Community College Executive Leadership Experience (CCELE).  The hope is to find leaders who can lead colleges out of their current predicament to become intuitions that meet the future needs of our students. 
In My Commitment to Professional Development, Celia Esposito-Noy, a regular contributor, touts the value of mentoring as a professional commitment.  She argues that, besides the emotion and time invested, mentoring is one of our best actions for ourselves, our organization, and our profession.  With several clear tips, the article provides a keen insight into the mentoring process and knowledge transfer for future leaders.  In our next article, we shift to professional development from one-on-one to large scale.  In "Capacity Building" at Home, Dr. Lisa J. Waits states that the best leadership tool is to invest in the development of our faculty, staff, and administrators in order to accomplish the goal of transforming students’ lives with scarce fiscal resources.  This article discusses the NASPA Student Services Institute, which brings high-quality professional development to your college campus at a low per-person cost.
Innovation and Awareness
In the last four articles, we examine what is occurring in our institutions for colleges, teachers, classrooms, and undocumented students.  First, one of the Vice Chancellors in the California Community College Chancellors Office shares his view of the future.  In Observations of Patrick Perry on the Budget, Enrollments and Where are we headed as a System, the author notes that the 2009-10 budget had an 8% cut in CCC system funding, causing colleges to scramble to try to adjust to life over-cap and an ever-increasing student demand spurned by a 12% state unemployment rate.  Thus, colleges began slashing course section offerings in summer and fall 2009 to reach a new equilibrium, only to find course section size soaring and more FTES generated.  Meanwhile, students faced an ever daunting task of simply getting a class…any class.  It is not a new phenomenon; the same thing occurred in the early 1990s and 2000s, but this time around two new forces entered the higher education landscape:  the rise of the for-profit institution, and the underlying drumbeat for change at two-year institutions coming from the halls of Washington, think tanks, and policy organizations nationwide.  The author tries to sort all of this out while attempting to remain upbeat about the future.
Next, Kris Marubayashi asks, TEACHING – Will there be jobs?  As a result of the budgetary woes, the author notes that there is growing concern that the issuance of over 26,000 pink slips to California’s teachers will have a long-term impact on the teaching profession.  Individuals will re-think the choice of teaching as a career option.  While teaching jobs may be scarce in the near future, the author points out factors that suggest there will be a great need for teachers over the next ten years. 
Carol McKiel in Exploring the Intersect of Management and Instruction:  Applying the Span of Control to Education addresses the issue of burgeoning class size and its impact on students and their instructors, who still attempt to engage, encourage, and provide feedback for their students’ intellectual development.  However, higher education’s consistent use of large classes makes it difficult for many students to develop meaningful relationships.  The author suggests that business’s small span of control concept may offer a new perspective on this problem in higher education.  Colleges are expected to graduate students with higher level skills, but are using a large span of control normally used with automaton jobs, which diminishes our efforts to produce high quality student learners.  One group that may lose in the large classrooms is our minority students, especially those identified as undocumented.
Special Series on Undocumented Students and Higher Education

This issue ends with a special two-part series on The Lives of “Undocumented” Students in Higher Education.  The first will be shared in this issue and the final installment will be in the Fall Issue, #26, of the iJournal.  Carmen Martínez-Calderón analyzes how “undocumented” students make sense of school, schooling, and their social standing in the U.S.  Based on two years of ethnographic research with 20 undocumented Mexican immigrant college students in California, her study examines the factors that have led these students to abandon their state of “social invisibility” and participate in higher education in order to improve their chances for upward social mobility and incorporation into mainstream U.S society.  Finally, the paper will show in the second installment how assimilation theory can be expanded to better understand and depict the divergent paths of immigrant incorporation into the U.S.
As you can see, our coming leaders will have an array of issues to grapple with in order to ensure our institutions provide the workers needed for the emerging knowledge society touted by Peter Drucker in 1994.  The issues can seem daunting, but leaders have emerged to struggle with these challenges before and will again in order to lead us to a better place.  These authors provide hope and the strategies to help us get there.  Now, we just have to use them.
iJournal Features and Specifics
For information on professional development activities, Click on the Staff Development and check out the upcoming events for community college leaders focusing on specialized trainings and key NASPA conferences for next year. To research and review past issues, click on Archives. For those who would like to be on the list serv to receive iJournal notices, you can join by clicking on Subscribe.
As always, the iJournal’s editorial board considers articles focused on: student services, collaboration with academic services, or other issues impacting community college education in California and throughout the nation.  Book reviews are always welcome, as are any staff development activities after September 1st.
If you desire to submit an article, the article should be 500-2000 words in Word/HTML format using Times New Roman, 12pt font.  The submission should also include an abstract, short bio and a picture of the author in .jpg format, preferably no larger than 150 KB.  Pictures larger than 200 KBs cannot be accepted .  Articles can be submitted to editor@ijournal.us or eshenk@alliant.edu . The submission deadline for the fall edition is October 15, 2010.

Comments and observations on the articles and theme are always welcome. Thank you for interest and support of the iJournal. Look for our next edition in the late fall.

Ed Shenk, Editor